GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation


Inclusive and sustainable industrialization, together with innovation and infrastructure, can unleash dynamic and competitive economic forces that generate employment and income. They play a key role in introducing and promoting new technologies, facilitating international trade and enabling the efficient use of resources.

However, the world still has a long way to go to fully tap this potential. Least developed countries, in particular, need to accelerate the development of their manufacturing sector if they are to meet the 2030 target, and scale up investment in scientific research and innovation.

Global manufacturing growth has been steadily declining, even before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic is hitting manufacturing industries hard and causing disruptions in global value chains and the supply of products.

Innovation and technological progress are key to finding lasting solutions to both economic and environmental challenges, such as increased resource and energy-efficiency. Globally, investment in research and development (R&D) as a proportion of GDP increased from 1.5 per cent in 2000 to 1.7 per cent in 2015 and remained almost unchanged in 2017, but was only less than 1 per cent  in developing regions.

In terms of communications infrastructure, more than half of the world’s population is now online and almost the entire world population lives in an area covered by a mobile network. It is estimated that in 2019, 96.5 per cent were covered by at least a 2G network.

The coronavirus pandemic has revealed the urgent need for resilient infrastructure. The Asian Development Bank notes that critical infrastructure in the region remains far from adequate in many countries, despite the rapid economic growth and development the region has experienced over the past decade. The Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific highlights that making infrastructure resilient to disasters and climate change will require an additional investment of $434 billion per year. This sum may need to be even greater in some subregions, such as the Pacific small island developing states.

UN AI Actions

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
United Nations Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs and Department of Peace Operations (UNDPPA)
International Labour Organization (ILO)
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
United Nations Women (UNWomen)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA)
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)


8 June 2017
10:30 - 12:00 CET, Geneva
Irakli Beridze (United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)), Virginia Dignum (Umeå University), Brian Witten (Symantec Research Labs (SRL) Worldwide)...
8 June 2017
09:00 - 10:00 CET, Geneva
David Hanson (Hanson Robotics), Lynne E. Parker (University of Tennessee-Knoxville (UTK)), Mady Delvaux-Stehres (European Parliament)...
28 May 2019
14:00 - 15:00 CEST, Geneva
H.E. James Kwasi Thompson (Office of The Prime Minister - Grand Bahama), H.E. Khalil Amiri (Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research - Republic of Tunisia ), Hon. Jenfan Muswere (Ministry of Information and Communication Technology - Zimbabwe)
2 September 2021
10:00 - 11:30 CEST, Geneva | 16:00-17:30 Beijing
Gao Wen (Academician of China National Engineering Resarch Institute), Wang Xinhui (ZTE), Feng Junlan (China Mobile Research Institute)...
29 September 2021
09:00 - 11:00 CEST, Geneva | 16:00-18:00 KST, Seoul
Myung-Joon Kim (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI)), Hyoung Jun Kim (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI)), Seung-Hwan Lee (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI))...
21 October 2021
08:00 - 12:00 CEST, Geneva | 14:00 CST, Beijing
Eric Pan (Seeed studio), Ibrahim Haddad (LF AI & Data Foundation), Jim Spohrer (International Society of Service Innovation Professionals (ISSIP))...
11 November 2021
09:00 - 10:00 CET, Geneva | 16:00-17:00, CST, Beijing
Yutao Zhu (BRICs Institute of Future Network), Maziar Nekovee (Sussex-Zhejiang Gongshang AI Institute), Vishnu Ram OV (International Telecommunication Union (ITU))
23 November 2021
14:00 - 15:00 CET, Geneva
Marco Zennaro (The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP)), Marcelo Rovai (Universidade Federal de Itajubá)
2 December 2021
08:00 - 09:40 CET, Geneva | 16:00-17:40, KST, Seoul
Kyoung Cheol Koo (Telecommunications Technology Association (TTA)), Chaesub Lee (International Telecommunication Union (ITU)), Younghae Choi (Telecommunications Technology Association (TTA))...
7 December 2021
08:00 - 09:40 CET, Geneva | 16:00-17:40, KST, Seoul
David Filip (Huawei Technologies), Joon Ho Kwak (Telecommunications Technology Association (TTA)), Linlin Zhang (China Academy of Information and Communications Technology (CAICT))...
9 December 2021
09:00 - 10:00 CET, Geneva | 16:00-17:00 Beijing
Leonardo Chiariglione (CEDEO.net), Xiaofei Dong (Nanjing Research Institute of Next-generation Artificial Intelligence (NGAI)), Yong Xiao (Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST))...
3 March 2022
16:00 - 18:00 CET, Geneva | 23:00-01:00 CST, Beijing | 11:00-13:00 EST, New York
Aude Billard (Swiss Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL)), Danica Kragic (Royal Institute of Technology), Brian Scassellati (Yale University)...
16 March 2022
16:00 - 17:30 CET, Geneva | 23:00-00:30 CST, Beijing | 11:00-12:30 EDT, New York
Vincent Poor (Princeton University), Ian F. Akyildiz (ITU Journal on Future and Evolving Technologies (ITU-J FET)), Chaesub Lee (International Telecommunication Union (ITU))...
3 May 2022
09:30 - 17:00 CEST Geneva | 15:30-23:00 CST, Beijing | 03:30-11:00 EST, New York
Barbara Kolm (Austrian National Bank), Paolo Gemma (Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.), Reinhard Scholl (International Telecommunication Union (ITU))...
6 May 2022
14:00 - 15:30 CEST, Geneva | 08:00-09:30 EDT, New York | 20:00-21:30 CST, Beijing
Sławomir Stańczak (Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute)
10 May 2022
14:00 - 15:30 CEST, Geneva | 08:00-09:30 EST, New York | 20:00-21:30 CST, Beijing
Francesc Wilhelmi (Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya (CTTC)), Marco Miozzo (Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya (CTTC)), Paolo Dini (Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya (CTTC))...
12 May 2022
17:00 - 18:30 CEST, Geneva | 11:00-12:30 EDT, New York | 23:00-00:30 CST, Beijing
Pete Wurman (Sony AI America), Bryn Balcombe (Oxbotica)
16 May 2022
13:00 - 16:00 CEST, Geneva | 7:00-10:00 EST, New York | 19:00-22:00 CST, Beijing
Bryn Balcombe (Oxbotica), Espedito Rusciano (Dutch Vehicle Authority (RDW)), Maria Cristina Galassi (European Commission)...