GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation


Inclusive and sustainable industrialization, together with innovation and infrastructure, can unleash dynamic and competitive economic forces that generate employment and income. They play a key role in introducing and promoting new technologies, facilitating international trade and enabling the efficient use of resources.

However, the world still has a long way to go to fully tap this potential. Least developed countries, in particular, need to accelerate the development of their manufacturing sector if they are to meet the 2030 target, and scale up investment in scientific research and innovation.

Global manufacturing growth has been steadily declining, even before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic is hitting manufacturing industries hard and causing disruptions in global value chains and the supply of products.

Innovation and technological progress are key to finding lasting solutions to both economic and environmental challenges, such as increased resource and energy-efficiency. Globally, investment in research and development (R&D) as a proportion of GDP increased from 1.5 per cent in 2000 to 1.7 per cent in 2015 and remained almost unchanged in 2017, but was only less than 1 per cent  in developing regions.

In terms of communications infrastructure, more than half of the world’s population is now online and almost the entire world population lives in an area covered by a mobile network. It is estimated that in 2019, 96.5 per cent were covered by at least a 2G network.

The coronavirus pandemic has revealed the urgent need for resilient infrastructure. The Asian Development Bank notes that critical infrastructure in the region remains far from adequate in many countries, despite the rapid economic growth and development the region has experienced over the past decade. The Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific highlights that making infrastructure resilient to disasters and climate change will require an additional investment of $434 billion per year. This sum may need to be even greater in some subregions, such as the Pacific small island developing states.

Related Sessions

8 June 2017
10:30 - 12:00 CET, Geneva
Chinmayi Arun (Centre for Communication Governance), Irakli Beridze (United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)), Alexandre Cadain (ANIMA)...
28 May 2019
14:00 - 15:00 CEST, Geneva
H.E. Khalil Amiri (Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research - Republic of Tunisia ), Hon. Jenfan Muswere (Ministry of Information and Communication Technology - Zimbabwe), H.E. James Kwasi Thompson (Office of The Prime Minister - Grand Bahama)
2 September 2021
10:00 - 11:30 CEST, Geneva | 16:00-17:30 Beijing
Ibrahim Haddad (LF AI & Data Foundation), Feng Junlan (China Mobile Research Institute), Reinhard Scholl (International Telecommunication Union (ITU))...
29 September 2021
09:00 - 11:00 CEST, Geneva | 16:00-18:00 KST, Seoul
Yuseok Bae (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI)), Jeong Dan Choi (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI)), Jung Hoon (Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI))...
21 October 2021
08:00 - 12:00 CEST, Geneva | 14:00 CST, Beijing
Jun Gu (Zilliz), Ibrahim Haddad (LF AI & Data Foundation), Eric Pan (Seeed studio)...
11 November 2021
09:00 - 10:00 CET, Geneva | 16:00-17:00, CST, Beijing
Maziar Nekovee (Sussex-Zhejiang Gongshang AI Institute), Vishnu Ram OV (International Telecommunication Union (ITU)), Yutao Zhu (BRICS Institute of Future Networks (BIFN))
23 November 2021
14:00 - 15:00 CET, Geneva
Marcelo Rovai (Universidade Federal de Itajubá), Marco Zennaro (The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP))
2 December 2021
08:00 - 09:40 CET, Geneva | 16:00-17:40, KST, Seoul
Younghae Choi (Telecommunications Technology Association (TTA)), Juha Heikkilä (European Commission), Kyoung Cheol Koo (Telecommunications Technology Association (TTA))...
7 December 2021
08:00 - 09:40 CET, Geneva | 16:00-17:40, KST, Seoul
Takashi Egawa (NEC Corporation), David Filip (Huawei), Joon Ho Kwak (Telecommunications Technology Association (TTA))...
9 December 2021
09:00 - 10:00 CET, Geneva | 16:00-17:00 Beijing
Leonardo Chiariglione (CEDEO.net), Xiaofei Dong (Nanjing Research Institute of Next-generation Artificial Intelligence (NGAI)), Yajun Kou (Global Fusion Media Technology and Development Co. Ltd. (GV-MEDIA))...
24 February 2022
17:00 - 18:30 CET, Geneva | 00:00-01:30 CST, Beijing | 11:00-12:30 EST, New York
Paul Johnson (Los Alamos National Laboratory ), Frederik Tilmann (GFZ (German Research Centre for Geosciences))
3 March 2022
16:00 - 18:00 CET, Geneva | 23:00-01:00 CST, Beijing | 11:00-13:00 EST, New York
Aude Billard (Swiss Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL)), Danica Kragic (Royal Institute of Technology), Brian Scassellati (Yale University)...
16 March 2022
16:00 - 17:30 CET, Geneva | 23:00-00:30 CST, Beijing | 11:00-12:30 EDT, New York
Ian F. Akyildiz (ITU Journal on Future and Evolving Technologies (ITU-J FET)), Chaesub Lee (International Telecommunication Union (ITU)), Alessia Magliarditi (International Telecommunication Union (ITU))...
17 March 2022
16:00 - 18:00 CET, Geneva | 23:00-01:00 CST, Beijing | 11:00-13:00 EST, New York
Ravinder Dahiya (James Watt School of Engineering at University of Glasgow), Tess Hellebrekers (Meta AI ), Carmel Majidi (Carnegie Mellon University)...
24 March 2022
17:00 - 18:30 CET, Geneva | 00:00-01:30 CST, Beijing | 12:00-13:30 EST, New York
Reinhard Scholl (International Telecommunication Union (ITU)), Francisco Villaescusa-Navarro (Flatiron Institute)
6 April 2022
16:00 - 17:30 CEST, Geneva | 22:00-23:30 CST, Beijing | 10:00-11:30 EST, New York
Frits Bussemaker (Institute for Accountability in the Digital Age (I4ADA)), Silvia De Conca (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam), Mei Lin Fung (People Centered Internet )...
3 May 2022
09:30 - 17:00 CEST Geneva | 15:30-23:00 CST, Beijing | 03:30-11:00 EST, New York
Alexander Biach (Vienna Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Austria), Paolo Gemma (Huawei), Barbara Kolm (Austrian National Bank)...
6 May 2022
14:00 - 15:30 CEST, Geneva | 08:00-09:30 EDT, New York | 20:00-21:30 CST, Beijing
Sławomir Stańczak (Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute (HHI))
10 May 2022
14:00 - 15:30 CEST, Geneva | 08:00-09:30 EST, New York | 20:00-21:30 CST, Beijing
Thomas Basikolo‬ (International Telecommunication Union (ITU)), Paolo Dini (Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya (CTTC)), Marco Miozzo (Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya (CTTC))...