Barbara Kolm (born 1964 in Innsbruck, Austria) was appointed as Vice President of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank in September 2018. Ms. Kolm is also the President of the Friedrich August von Hayek Institute and the Director of the Austrian Economics Center (AEC). She is the founder of the Free Market Road Show, an initiative which brings conferences in economics to dozens of cities each year. She holds several positions in the executive management of private enterprises and NGOs. Her major focus is on questions related to the efficiency, financing, and positioning of public institutions, public infrastructure and administration. She provides surveys and analyses about public finance, the national budget and structural reforms. Her academic activities include an associate professorship for Austrian Economics at the University of Donja Gorica in Podgorica, Montenegro. She is also a renowned public speaker at international conferences. Barbara Kolm holds supervisory board positions e.g. at VIG-Wiener Städtische Versicherungsverein AG. She is also a member of the university board of WU-Vienna University of Economics and Business. In 2016, Barbara Kolm received the Global IP Champion Award for Excellence in Advocacy by the Global Intellectual Property Center of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. In 2017, Newsmax voted her into the leading position among Europeans, and she was ranked 64th among the top 100 most influential liberal thinkers globally, as one of only 15 women, for her initiatives in providing free market solutions to today’s challenges. The Austrian Economics Center and the Friedrich August von Hayek Institute have reached top international rankings under her leadership.