UNODA supports the development and implementation of practical disarmament measures after a conflict, such as disarming and demobilizing former combatants and helping them to reintegrate in civil society.
Description of Activities on AI
Project 1: CCW Group of Governmental Experts on emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems
The Office for Disarmament Affairs (ODA) supports the work of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) Group of Governmental Experts on emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS). The Group has affirmed eleven guiding principles covering, inter alia, the applicability of international humanitarian law, the retention of human responsibility and that human-machine interaction should ensure LAWS are used in compliance with international law. In 2019, CCW High Contracting Parties mandated the Group to explore and agree on possible recommendations on options related to emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons and to report to the Sixth Review Conference of the CCW in 2021.
Project 2: Report to the Secretary-General on developments in science and technology and their potential impact on international security and disarmament efforts
As requested by United Nations General Assembly resolution 74/35, the United Nations Secretary-General will report to the 75th session of the General Assembly on current developments in science and technology and their potential impact on international security and disarmament efforts, including on developments related to AI.
Project 3: The Militarization of Artificial Intelligence
In August 2019, ODA, together with partners from the Stanley Foundation and the Stimson Center, held a closed, informal workshop for a small group of invited States, private sector representatives and academia, on the peace and security implications of artificial intelligence. A summary of the workshop was published in June 2020.
Project 4: Advocacy on autonomous weapons
The Secretary-General, the High Representative and Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs and other ODA officials have sought to raise awareness of the possible implications of autonomous weapons and the weaponization of artificial intelligence.